Toomas Kotkas, Elisa Husu, Hanna Wass & Anu Kantola
Finland: Legal Response to Covid-19
With a population of a little over 5.5 million inhabitants, Finland has coped with the Covid-19 pandemic with relatively few fatalities. By 30 August 2021, 123,635 infections and 1,018 Covid-19-related deaths had been reported.
In terms of infections, the pandemic in Finland has occurred in four waves. The first started in mid-March 2020 and it was over by the end of June 2020. During that period, 7,269 infections were reported. The second wave started gradually in August, reaching its peak in the first half of December 2020. By then, a total of some 30,000 infections had been reported. There was a sudden decline in the number of cases until they began to increase again during the second week of January 2021. The third wave reached its peak in late-March 2021. By then, the cumulative number of infections was around 73,000. The third wave had blown over by late-June 2021 when the number of infections began to rapidly rise again—this time due to the Delta variant. The peak of the fourth wave was in mid-August 2021.
The number of daily deaths followed the number of infections during the first and second wave. However, when the third wave of infections began, the number of daily deaths kept decreasing. This is, of course, due to the vaccinations that started in Finland at the end of December 2020.